Spring Modules

Below are the six modules for the spring season. Topics include mating in birds, mammal and amphibians, pollination, wetlands and trees and shrubs. Click on the name of the module for more information.

Bird Bonanza

During the spring time, migratory birds and non-migratory birds are looking to start a family. Birds "date" which is referred to as courting, before they choose a mate. It is the male’s responsibility to attract the female. Have you every noticed that sometimes female and male birds of the same species look quite different, often the male has bright and colourful feathers, while the female has dull coloured feathers. This is how the male attract the female, along with song, dance and nest building. They must display to the female that they would be a good mate and produce strong offspring. In this module courtship, mating and nesting will be discussed about various birds that are found in PEI during the spring.

Mammal Mania

In early spring mating season begins or has already begun for various PEI mammals. Mothers use the den or nest where they spent the winter to raise their young. Most mammals mate between January and March, with their young arriving in April or May, depending on the gestation period. In this module the mating habits of the various mammals will be discussed from the responsibility of the father to litter size and when the young leave their mother.   

Pond Party

Just like with birds and mammals, spring time is mating season for amphibians. After thawing out from the cold winter, frogs and salamanders return to their breeding pond. Females lay their hundreds of eggs that attach to vegetation. The eggs are fertilized by the male. After so many days the eggs will develop into tadpoles (frogs) or salamander larvae. After several weeks, the tadpoles develop into frogs and the salamander larvae become land dwelling salamanders. This module will compare and contrast the lifecycle of the frogs, salamanders, newt and toad that begin their lives in PEI ponds.

Pollination and Pollinators

With spring time, come allergies for many. The air is full of pollen from various plants, as the process of pollination has begun. People can't escape the pollen; as a result they breathe it in. For some, the pollen causes no issues, for others their body attack the pollen grains, resulting in running nose, itchy eyes and throat, difficult breathing and sneezing. As the summer goes on the allergies begin to taper of. Pollen allergies may be make life miserable for a bit, but life without pollen could be just as miserable. This module is all about flowers, the process of pollination, important of pollination and pollinators. So take some Benadryl and enjoy the beauty pollination add to our lives. 

Tree Talk

In the fall all the deciduous trees and shrubs in PEI lose their leaves as they prepare for winter. When spring comes the leaves return to the trees and photosynthesis commences. In PEI, there are number of native deciduous trees and shrubs. This module will introduce the children to the various deciduous trees and some of the more common shrubs. They will learn the difference between trees and shrubs, be introduced to photosynthesis, and discover how trees and shrubs reproduce.

Wetland Exploration

Wetlands are areas where the soil is soaked in water permanently or seasonally. In PEI, 5.6% of the land is a wetland, 79% of the wetlands are fresh water and 21% are salt marshes. To be classified as a wetland certain vegetation must be present, this includes cattail and bulrushes. Wetlands are important habitats to various organisms such as invertebrate, fish, amphibians and birds. In PEI, all wetland are protected and have a 15 metre buffer zone around them that can not be touched. This module is all about wetlands, their importance and the species that inhabit them.


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