Non-native Mammals

Beaver

  • largest rodent in North America
    • weigh 20-30kg (45-60lbs)
  • dark brown
  • tail is flat, broad and scaly; 27cm long
  • webbed hind feet for swimming
  • hand-like front feet
    • for carrying sticks, stones and mud
  • four chisel-like front teeth
    • kept sharp by gnawing
  • live in rivers or ponds; require aquatic plants
  • semi-aquatic life; can swim for 15 minutes at a time
  • mate for life
  • valuable fur-bearers

Raccoon

  • introduced to PEI in early 1900's for fur trade
    • released into wild after pelt prices dropped
  • grey-brown colour with dark face masks and ringed tail
  • weigh 16kg (35lbs)
  • prefer wooded areas along streams
  • nocturnal; active year around
  • skillful climbers
  • opposable thumbs

Striped Skunk

  • introduced in 1900's for the fur trade
    • escaped or turned lose when market fell
  • due to high population they are considered a pest
  • a member of the weasel family
    • have a scent like other members
      • very effective form of defense
  • omnivores; eat both animals and plants
  • only natural predators are owls; poor sense of smell
    • coyotes will hunt for them
  • best solution to getting rid of a skunk smell
    • quart of 3% hydrogen peroxide, 1/4 baking soda and 1 teaspoon of dish detergent